Nelson mandela and essay

Essay on Nelson Mandela - Words | Bartleby

And it is possible to observe in real life that leaders influence the environment, and it largely depends on the nature and methods of their actions. Nelson Mandela was also forced to act in a specific environment, in an environment denying the universality of human rights. Nevertheless, he chose the path of non-violence, being deeply convinced that all people are equal to each other, and this applies even to those who encouraged the apartheid phenomenon. It is worth noting that Nelson Mandela is one of the few historical figures who successfully combined all these functions: Leader as a planner.

The leader often assumes the responsibility of developing the methods and means by which the group can achieve goals. This function may include both the determination of immediate steps and the development of long-term action plans.

Nelson Mandela Essay

As one of the organizers of the Campaign of Disobedience, Mandela developed Plan M in case his activities were exposed by the authorities. Leader as a representative of the group in the external environment.

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The leader is the official person of the group acting in the external environment on behalf of all. Therefore, group members are not indifferent who will represent their interests and how. The leader, in this case, identifies all the members of the group, their collective intelligence, will, etc. Nelson Mandela was a representative of the entire black population of South Africa who was subjected to apartheid. Leader as an example to follow. In some types of groups, a leader can serve as a model of behavior for the rest of the group, i. The squad leader, who courageously leads the soldiers into battle, is just such an example. In the case of Mandela, he showed an example of non-violent resistance, because he was convinced that violence begets violence. Leader as a factor canceling individual responsibility. Often, a leader plays an important role for group members in relieving them from responsibility for personal decisions and actions that they would like to avoid.

Thus, in response to the devotion of followers, the leader takes the trouble to make decisions for him. The fact that Mandela ended up in prison clearly indicates that he took over all individual responsibility.

Leader as a worldview guide. In general, it reflects the ideology of the society to which the group belongs. The true leader is the focus of all the positive emotions of the group members, the ideal object of identification and a sense of devotion. The fact that Nelson Mandela became president after his release proves this statement.

‘The World for Which I Am Fighting’

Mandela was released in after 27 years of incarceration, much of it on Robben Island, a prison where the white government tried to isolate its most threatening political enemies — and ended up providing Mandela with a headquarters in which to teach, organize and ultimately practice the art of revolution. After his release, he visited world capitals, including Washington.

That was the one time I met the man: He came to The Washington Post for lunch, and I, like everyone else, was star-struck by his charisma. I recall being struck, too, by his vigor and energy. Most men would have been broken by what Mandela had endured.

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He seemed to be just getting started. Mandela led his people in channeling that anger — not suppressing it but using it in constructive ways. He negotiated a transition that acknowledged the right of white South Africans to be citizens but no longer lords and masters. He did not forgive the torturers and the murderers — the worst crimes would be brought to light — but he refused to seek revenge.

When Mandela took office as president in , he governed with the same generosity. In the word piece, titled "The Man Who Could Not Cry," Bono calls Mandela a "forceful presence" in his life since , when he says U2 made its first stand against apartheid, a system of de facto racial segregation practiced for decades in South Africa. Bono lauds his friend's "deft maneuvering" as South Africa's leader, which included -- but was of course not limited to -- battling the AIDS epidemic and extreme poverty around the globe.

His indispensability can't be proved with math and metrics, but I know what I believe…". Bono also talks about the humor and humility of Madiba, Mandela's clan name, and recalls a funny story about confronting the leader about accepting money and fellowship from former foes:.

The Iron Lady, who was famously frugal, kept a tight grip on her purse. His response: "Didn't De Klerk crush our people like flies?