The fight in the cause of God means according to His legislation which forbids transgression. God repeated and confirm the same meaning Then whoever attacks you, you may attack them to inflict an equivalent retribution. The ultimate goal of this legislation in His saying: and fight them until there is no more oppression. Therefore the prevention of oppression is the essential aim for the legislation of fighting.
That persecution included the continuous fight against the peaceful early Muslim even after their escape to Al Madina.
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So, God says: And oppression is worse than slaughter. By allowing religious freedom and preventing oppression in religion, every one deals with God alone and straightly in obeying or disobeying him, and every one will be responsible for his deeds this before God only on the Day of Judgment. This makes the realm of religion belong to God alone without any kind of human religious authority.
This is precisely what the verse calls for when it says: And fight them until there is no more oppression and all the religion will belong to God alone. God may forgive them if they refrain and stop transgression and persecution, and the Muslims have no right to attack them, otherwise they become transgressors themselves, God says: And fight in the cause of God those who fight you, and transgress not the limits. Truly, God loves not the transgressors And fight them until there is no more oppression and the religion will belong to God.
But if they cease, let be no more transgression except against the transgressors only. This assures religious freedom. Moreover, God said to the prophet Mohammed blaming him: And had your Lord willed, those on earth would have believed, all of them together. So, will you then compel mankind until they become believers? The freedom in religion is the key of democracy and freedom of thinking and speech. For the first time in the Arabic Peninsula, some Arabs established a real state according to our modern definition of state.
It was the first —and may be the last- Islamic state in the time of the prophet Mohammed. The new Islamic state had its border and its people and its government.zagefyqi.tk
Is Islam a religion of peace?
It had also its allies and its enemies. Any believer in the Arabic desert wanted to be member of this state he had to immigrate to it and lived inside its border. All the believers inside this state were allies to each other against the enemies who used to attack the peaceful state. So the Quran stated to them that the believers out side the state should immigrate to the state to be a part of the state.
If those outsider believers asked protection from the Islamic state, the state ought to defend them unless there was a treaty between the state and those who attacked these outsider believers. So, all believers should be allies to each other inside their state to face the unbelievers who were united and alliance against the lonely state.
Inside that state there were different groups of oppositions who were against the state and its religion. The Quran called them the hypocrites. They enjoyed the freedom of speech and belief, and also the freedom of conspiracy against the state. The Holy Quran used to expose theirs plots and their inner thoughts, but in the same time order the believers to avoid them, turn aside from them as long they did not fight the state.
However, those hypocrites inside Al Madina were under control but there were another kind of hypocrites who lived in the desert and used to come to the Islamic state claiming Islam, but their inner goal was to deceive Muslims.
Essay on Islam Religion | Bartleby
Some of them offered to ally to the state while they were real enemies to the Islamic state. Those hypocrites were real danger, so the Quran ordered Muslims not to ally with them till they immigrate to the state. If they refused to immigrate then they should be treated as enemies in the battle field. However, if they did not immigrate but they did not attack the state either, the Muslims were not allowed to fight them.
The foundations of Islam
Most of them controlled the routs north and south the new Islamic state, and had a good relationship with the Arabic Christian tribes and the Jewish tribes in the Arabic Peninsula. Those Christian and Jewish tribes united together against the new Islamic state which was alone in front of those allies. Some people inside the Islamic state — including the hypocrite — had a good relationship with those allies in spite of their enmity and fight. So, God ordered them not to take them allies as long they fighting their state, otherwise they will be in their side and part of them.
The Islamic state had to defend itself against the attacks of those Christian and Jewish tribes. It means not to occupy their land, nor to force them to convert to Islam, but only to pay back for their aggression as our modern international legislation deals with any country attacks other country and is finally defeated. Those rules of alliance protected the new peaceful Islamic state in front of all it enemies who surrounded it.
Generally, God makes it clear rules in dealing with the non- Muslims who are out of the Islamic state:. The verse goes in talking about the compensation due such a case and the rules related to it. The verse says : And whoever kills a believer intentionally, his recompense is Hell, to abide therein forever, and the wrath and the curse of God are upon him and a dreadful punishment is prepared for him.
Thus he who kills a peaceful believer faces eternity in Hell, wrath and curse and great suffering. These are stated in the Quran as separate punishments each.
Islam: The Religion of Peace and Tolerance – Religion Essay
Yet it seems that the person who commits such a dreadful crime deserves all of these punishments added together. God gives him and even any one in the other side of the enemy a constant right to be saved simply by pronouncing the words peace be upon you or the Islamic greeting. If he says so, it then becomes unlawful to kill him. He even becomes a peaceful believer regardless of his inner belief and his strange presence in the battle field.
If he is killed, the killer will deserve the total punishment mentioned in the verse God blamed the prophet Mohammed when he set free all the captives of Badr Battle for money, as the main mission of the prophet not to seek the vanity of this life but to give a good example to people. God ordered the prophet Mohammed and Muslims only two choice to deal with the captives; to set them free or as exchange of prisoners of war. These Quranic laws about the captives were ignored by Muslims during their history, as it was a bad habit in the middle Ages to kill the captives as the first option.
This used to happen during the fight between Muslim Empire and the Roman Empire and other nations, besides the domestic wars inside the Muslims civil wars. Moreover, killing the captives or enslaving them was accompanied by enslaving women and children. It was the dark Middle Aged culture which made the Muslim traditions and history full of these aspects in manifest defiance to the real Islamic values.
When he does so his life is in safe and secured, he should be allowed to listen to the Quran to choose to believe in it or not, and also to have no excuse before God in Judgment Day. The Muslims are ordered to escort him to a safe place, or a home, in security and peace. That is precisely what the verses says: If one amongst the unbelievers seeks protection from you, grant it to him, so that he may hear the word of God, and then escort him to where he can be secured, that is because they are without knowledge 9 : 6.
The proof is that Islam is a religion of peace. Peace is in its origin and in its legislation but because of the behavior of the old Muslims and the fanatic Muslims in our time, Islam has become accused of fanaticism, fascism and terrorism.
Islam means to submit you to the One God — in dealing with Him- and to be peaceful in dealing with people. God alone is the only one who has the power to judge our belief. The society in this world has the right to judge the individuals regarding the relationship among them. So, any peaceful one is Muslim regardless of his belief, and any honest safe faithful one is believer regardless of his inner faith.
On the other hand, any one who transgresses the limits or wrongs the others, or attacks them or terrifies them is unbeliever or infidel regardless of any slogan he claims. The Quranic language has many descriptions for the infidels and disbelievers to explain the main aspects of those people in any time regardless of any motto they claim.
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The unbeliever chooses to wrong the Only God by adding partners to Him, but God is the only one who will judge him concerning the realm of faith and religion. If this unbeliever lives peacefully, he is a believer according to our limits in this life as we are concern only about living in peace and safe and justice in terms of dealing with each other. Our concern should be only to live peacefully and justly and not to allow any one to violate this peace by the name of God while he is wronging the God and disobeying His commandments.
This bloody culture was faced by Islam and its peaceful face. The new Quranic language makes transgression, wrong, attack and assaults the attitude of the disbelief in the One God. As the Quran talks about [Al Zolm] in about two hundred times, making it a sign of infidelity and disbelief, we find in the Quranic context another Arabic Quranic word transgression to give the same meaning and used also in the same context regarding the unbelievers and infidels. God Says twice in the Quran : … and transgress not. Verily God loves not the transgressors.
This is mentioned in sura 2: to refer in the rules of fighting, and mentioned also in the sura 5: 87 to confirm the absolute right of God alone in revealing the Divine legislation. This was a serious warning to the believers not to prohibit the good things that God has permitted. God mentioned two kinds of aggressions, one of them made by infidels against the peaceful people. The other kind they made against God, His revelation and His legislation. To face this zolm and oppression God ordered Muslims to be patient.
Patience or Al Sabr is a Quranic term mentioned in the Quran about one hundred times as great Islamic value means forgiveness, tolerance, forbearance, perseverance and endurance. Muslim has to uphold Al Sabr all his life seeking to please his Almighty Lord, in every stance of his life. He has to be saber in forgiving those who insult him, and to be saber also if he has to fight to defend his life or his freedom of belief. It was in middle between the total passiveness of the peaceful early Muslims, and the other people who were active in aggression and transgression.
The Muslim terrorists of our time are the clear example of this case.